The island of Puerto Rico is nestled between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. With its many 16th- and 17th-century buildings, the capital city of San Juan has a uniquely Old World feel. But modern day action abounds; classical concerts and sizzling discos make for a vibrant nightlife.
Founded in 1521, Puerto Rico's capital city is the oldest city under the US flag. Explore San Juan's many plazas, parks, forts and museums, including Plaza de San Jose, Plaza de Armas (Old San Juan's main square), Parque de las Palomas and the San Juan Museum of Art and History. Six monuments in Old San Juan have been designated world-class historic sites by the United Nations.
Skirting the Atlantic Ocean, the north coast was once the home of coconut and fruit plantations. Today, the area is dotted with small hotels and restaurants, and the jagged coastline attracts surfers from around the world. Further inland you'll find Rio Camuy and its famous caves, one of Puerto Rico's many natural wonders. Also residing in the area is Cerro de Punta, the island's tallest peak.
Beginning just outside San Juan, Puerto Rico's east coast follows the Atlantic Ocean down to where it meets the Caribbean. Pinones, just east of San Juan, has amazing open-air seafood restaurants, while Loiza, a traditional community with an African heritage, is famous for its festivals. With its fabulous beaches and resorts, the stretch of coast from Loiza to Fajardo is a popular destination.
Puerto Rico has one of the most pleasant and stable climates in the world. Sea breezes keep the coast cool year-round, though the humidity can be high. Even August, the hottest and rainiest month, finds balance between the elements. Keep in mind that temperatures in the mountains are about 50 degrees lower than along the coasts.